Friday, 19 April 2013

Weather History: April 19: Record Temps, Storms, Tornadoes, Wind & Snow

Weather History: April 19: Record Temps, Storms, Tornadoes, Wind & Snow, Listed are Meteorological events that happened on April 19:


A 79 day snow blockade ended at Nation City, SD as the first train with supplies arrived.


Watertown, OH picked up 45 inches of snow between the 15th and 21st to set a state record.


Illinois' 10th deadliest tornado outbreak on record took a path across the central part of Illinois, killing 21 people. The first tornado touched down near Hardin, traveling northeast through Carrollton, then skimmed the south side of Springfield. At Carrollton, a teacher was killed as she held the door of the school shut, saving the lives of her students. The second tornado, peaking at F4 intensity, touched down on the southeast side of Springfield, then moved to affect the towns of Riverton, Buffalo Hart, Chestnut, and Cornland. In Buffalo Hart, only three houses were left standing, while the northern half of Cornland was leveled. The tornado track was 65 miles, ending in Ford County.


The temperature at Sodus, NY soared to 95°. The next day, Albany, NY reported a record for April of 93°.


A tornado struck northwestern Assam, India killing 139 people and leaving 3,760 families in 33 villages homeless.


A severe hailstorm struck the Munday and Goree areas of Knox County, Texas. Damage was estimated at $1 million dollars to property, and $500,000 dollars to crops. Hailstones, as large as golf balls, accumulated up to 6 inches deep. Some piles drifted by the rain were 2 to 3 feet deep. These same communities dodged a bullet the next day. A tornado touched down in open country three miles north of Munday early the next afternoon causing no damage.


After three days of very heavy rain from the 17th through this date, areas around Medford, Jefferson, Lamont, and Blackwell, OK were struck by extensive flooding. The town of Jefferson was completely inundated. Only nine homes escaped damage, with a few buildings reporting as much as two feet of water in them. In Blackwell, 40 city blocks and 200 homes were flooded when the Chikaskia River crested at six and one half feet above flood stage.


El Paso, TX picked up 4 inches of snow, their biggest late season snow on record.


Glenrock, WY received 41 inches of snow in just 24 hours, and a storm total of 58 inches from the 18th through the 20th, to establish two state records.


The northeastern U.S. was in the midst of an early season heat wave. The Boston Marathon took place in 90 degree heat. Washington, D.C. hit 93° and Providence, RI soared to 98°.


Strong Canadian high pressure moved into the northern Plains and Midwest. Rockford, IL dropped to a low of 16°; setting a daily record and for the coldest April temperature.


On this date through the 21st, a large snowstorm buried most of Colorado under heavy wet snow. Snowfall totals ranged from 10-20 inches across metro Denver and 20 to 40 inches in the adjacent foothills. The snow closed roads and damaged electrical transformers; causing numerous power outages. Nearly 14 inches fell at Stapleton International Airport where the combination of snow and wind closed all but one runway. Both I-70 and I-76 were closed east of Denver.


Severe thunderstorms erupted across central and eastern South Dakota. Numerous reports of high winds were received during the outbreak. One particularly strong storm carved a path of destruction from Pierre to Mobridge. The storm blew over several mobile homes in the Pierre area and knocked boats off of their trailers. The Pierre airport reported a gust of 98 mph. The high winds blew down 10 hangers and destroyed 25 to 30 planes. The strong winds lasted for more than 20 minutes in Pierre resulting in more than a million dollars in damage. The storm continued to the north with wind gusts of 80 to 100 mph knocking down trees and tearing off roofs resulting in hundreds of thousands of dollars in additional damages.

Regina, Saskatchewan Canada's wettest April day occurred as 1.24 inches fell.


A major storm system produced 10 tornadoes in Texas. One of these tornadoes virtually annihilated the town of Sweetwater. The tornado struck at the unlikely time of 7:17am. One person was killed and 100 were injured.


A powerful cold front produced high winds and blowing dust across Denver, CO and surrounding areas. Visibilities were as little as 100 yards. Top wind gusts included: Brighton: 72 mph, Thornton: 67 mph, and 54 mph at Stapleton International Airport. The high winds flipped a small plane taxiing down a runway injuring two people. The frontal passage caused the temperature to drop from 80° at 3pm to 33° at midnight with just under an inch of snow.

Ahead of the cold front, 40 cities in the central U.S. reported new record high temperatures for the date as readings soared into the 80s and lower 90s for Easter Sunday. Fort Smith, AR reported a record high of 95°.


Severe thunderstorms over the southeastern U.S. early in the day spawned a strong F3 tornado which destroyed 17 homes and severely damaged 30 others near Madison, FL killing 4 people and injuring 18 others.


A dozen cities in the southwestern U.S. reported new record high temperatures for the date. The afternoon high of 98° at Hanksville, UT equaled their record for April. Tucson, AZ reported their earliest 100 degree reading on record.


Several cities in the northeastern U.S. reported record low temperatures for the date as readings dipped into the upper teens and 20s. Elkins, WV reported a record low of 20°. Thunderstorms over the Southern Plains produced golf ball size hail at San Angelo, TX, and up to 4 inches of rain in parts of southwestern Oklahoma.


A case of cold air damming as Pittsburgh, PA hit 82° while across the state at Philadelphia, the temperature only reached 50° due to a chilly east wind off the Atlantic.


Weighing in at just over 33 pounds, the world's heaviest hailstone on record fell on Guangdong Province in China.


From this date through the 21st, there was an almost continuous outbreak of 111 tornadoes from Arkansas, through Illinois, and into southern Canada. Downtown Berea, KY was destroyed and Fort Smith, AR was also heavily damaged. Advance notice of the tornadoes was very good however, as 105 of the 111 tornadoes, and all of the killer tornadoes occurred in areas covered by tornado watches.

Further to the north, one of the most memorable tornado outbreaks in Illinois history occurred. During the day, 33 tornadoes were reported as supercells erupted and moved across the state during the afternoon and evening hours. Wind estimates in excess of 170 mph were associated with some of the stronger tornadoes, one of which ripped through nearby Ogden, IL destroying 68 homes and numerous other businesses and public institutions. One person was killed just east of Ogden, when a semi was overturned on I-74. The Decatur area, which had also been hit by a tornado the night before, sustained about $9 million damage with 27 people injured. Further east, up to $11 million damage occurred in Urbana, where 30 homes were destroyed and 80 more were damaged. Strong tornadoes were also reported in Mason and southwest McLean Counties.


On this date through the 20th, The Ministry of Environment issued their earliest warm-season smog advisory for southern Ontario Canada. Traditionally, the smog season runs from May to September.


An intense spring snowstorm swept across the Dakotas, dumping up to 5 feet of snow. The heaviest snow fell in the Black Hills, with 59.4 inches at Lead, SD. Bowman, ND reported 18 inches. The storm closed highways including I-94 in North Dakota, cutting power to thousands and was responsible for at least 4 deaths. Further west, 1 to 3 feet of snow and 50 to 60 mph winds caused drifts up to 10 feet, widespread power outages and livestock losses.


A record snowfall surprised many in southern British Columbia as an overnight storm knocked out power to thousands. Snowfall records are set in Nanaimo, Victoria and Vancouver. Accumulations at Victoria International Airport reached 2.5 inches, more than any April day since 1940. In Nanaimo, 9.5 inches covered the ground at the airport by late morning. This was their first measurable snow on this date since 1947. In Vancouver, the storm was the latest April snowfall on record.

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