Monday, 22 April 2013

Weather History: April 22: Record Temps, Storms, Tornadoes, Wind & Tropics

Weather History: April 22: Record Temps, Storms, Tornadoes, Wind & Tropics, Listed are Meteorological events that happened on April 22:


An outbreak of tornadoes from Louisiana to Kansas claimed the lives to 200 people. One of the tornadoes destroyed the town of Beauregard, MS. A tornado moved northeast from Sun City, KS to Turkey Creek. Five homes were destroyed, and 3 people were killed in one of these at the north edge of town. The bodies were carried 300 yards. Six homes and two stores were unroofed. Most of the damage was at roof top level.


The worst snowstorm since stations records began in 1872 dumped 24 inches of snow at Denver, CO. The 23 inches recorded through the 23rd was the greatest 24-hour snowfall ever recorded during the month of April. Streets were impassable, roofs caved in, telegraph and phone wires were downed, railroads were blocked & trains delayed, and most businesses came to a standstill. Estimated losses were estimated at $50,000 dollars. The total snowfall was partly estimated due to the melting. Precipitation from the storm totaled 2.79 inches.


One-tenth of an inch of snow fell at Chicago, IL. A total of 6.4 inches of snow fell from this date through the 26th marking the Windy City's latest April significant snowfall event.


Lightning struck a flock of geese over Elgin, Manitoba Canada. 52 large wild geese fell to earth dead and were distributed to the townspeople for goose dinners.


A tornado caused a path of destruction from Illiopolis, IL in far eastern Sangamon County eastward to Decatur, IL. One man was carried 200 yards; he died from his injuries several days later. The storm also produced two inch diameter hail in Decatur. The tornado's path was nearly identical to the tornado which affected the area on 4/19/1996.


A supercell thunderstorm left a 50-mile path of damage over a two hour period across north-central Oklahoma. At least three tornadoes occurred in the area, from near Garber, to Billings, to Tonkawa, to near Ponca City. Hail up to baseball size accompanied the storm. Fortunately, there was only one reported injury.


A major winter storm was finally exiting South Dakota after four days of battering the state. The slow moving storm began affecting western South Dakota on the 18th dumping heavy snow in the Black Hills through the 20th. Amounts of up to around two feet were reported. Lead reported 22 inches of new snow which when added to the 1969-70 seasonal snowfall set an all-time seasonal snowfall record for Lead at 206.6 inches. The old record was 187.8 inches which fell in the 1954-55.

Snow accumulations in the lower elevations across the west and north were as high as 18 inches. The tri-state area received the lightest amounts in the state ranging from 2 to 3 inches. Southwest Minnesota and northwest Iowa were largely spared from the storm although strong winds caused some damage in portions of northwest Iowa.

The United Kingdom's wettest April day on record occurred on this date as 7.17 inches of rain fell at Seathwaite, Cumbria.


A record April heat wave sent the mercury up to the 100 degree mark in parts of Iowa; with record heat in parts of Wisconsin. LaCrosse, WI reached 93°. This (along with 4/29/1910) is the warmest April temperature recorded in La Crosse. Other locations that had their warmest April day: Guttenberg, IA: 97°, Fayette, IA: 96°, Oelwein, IA: 96°, Prairie du Chien, WI: 96°, Lancaster, WI: 95°, Charles City, IA: 94°, New Hampton, IA: 94°, Plattesville, WI: 94°, Decorah, IA: 93°, Lynxville, WI: 93°, Genoa, WI: 93°, Necedah, WI: 93°, Osage, IA: 92°, Waukon, IA: 91°, Grand Meadow, MN: 91°, Mauston, WI: 91°.

Two very wet days at Gaspe Quebec Canada began on this date. A total of 9.96 inches of rain fell in 48 hours with 5.68 inches on the 23rd.


The temperature of 86° at Toronto, Ontario Canada was the warmest ever there in April and oddly the warmest temperature recorded there in 1985.


A cold Canadian are of high pressure moved into the upper Midwest and brought unseasonably record cold temperatures. Chicago, IL recorded three consecutive nights of record cold. On this date, Chicago dropped to 24° and Rockford, IL also reported a record low of 23°. Chicago dropped to 27° on the 21st and 25° on the 23rd. Other record lows set: Madison, WI: 19°, Waterloo, IA: 20°, Cedar Rapids, IA: 22°, LaCrosse, WI: 23°, St. Cloud, MN: 23°, Green Bay, WI: 24°, Dubuque, IA: 25°, Peoria, IL: 25°, Des Moines, IA: 26°, Burlington, IA: 27°, Fort Wayne, IN: 27°, Moline, IL: 28° and Springfield, IL: 30°.


Many cities in the southeastern U.S. reported new record high temperatures for the date. The afternoon high of 96° at Pensacola, FL established a record for the month of April.


Heavy snow fell over northern Nebraska, with 15 inches reported at Mullen. Heavy snow also blanketed the mountains of northern Arizona, with 16 inches reported at Munds Park.


Many cities in the central U.S. reported record high temperatures for the date. The high of 96° at Omaha, NE was an April record, and the high of 100° at Lubbock, TX equaled their record for April. The high of 100° established the record high for the month of April at both Dodge City and Garden City, KS. Other record highs: Amarillo, TX: 98, Concordia, KS: 97, Valentine, NE: 96, Goodland, KS: 96, Norfolk, NE: 95, North Platte, NE: 93, Scottsbluff, NE: 90, Grand Island, NE: 89, Lincoln, NE: 89,

Hill City and Liberal, KS tied for honors as the hot spot in the nation with afternoon highs of 103°.


Thunderstorms produced severe weather from the Southern and Central Plains to northwest Florida during the afternoon and evening. Thunderstorms produced wind gusts to 67 mph at Gillette, WY, hail two inches in diameter west of Roswell, NM, and deluged Cheyenne, OK with 8.68 inches of rain leaving some parts of the town under five feet of water. Temperatures reached the low 90s in the north central U.S. Chamberlain and Pickstown, SD tied Presidio, TX for honors as the hot spot in the nation with afternoon highs of 94°.


With a fresh blanket of snow from a recent snowstorm helping to keep the air cool the high temperature at Sioux Falls, SD only reached 31°. This is the latest below freezing high temperature on record in Sioux Falls.


A late snowstorm dropped 2-3 inches north and west of Washington, D.C. Grantsville, MD received four inches topping a record season total of 220 inches.


A mid-afternoon F2 tornado struck the small northeast Alabama town of Rainsville without warning, injuring 12 people. Over 30 homes were damaged by the twister and 50 buildings in the small town received damage, including the city and police and fire stations. No tornado warning was in effect at the time of the storm since NWS Doppler radar did not show significant signs of storm rotation. Ironically, a more powerful Doppler radar was being prepared for installation, very near the location of the tornado.


Tropical Storm Ana became the first Atlantic tropical storm since records began in 1871 to form during the month April. Maximum sustained winds reached 55 mph. Beginning as a non-tropical area of low pressure on the 18th about 210 miles south-southwest of Bermuda, it was classified as a sub-tropical storm early on the 20th, it gained full tropical characteristics near 0000 UTC on the 21st, developing an “eye” feature. Shortly thereafter, Ana made its closest approach to Bermuda when it passed about 130 miles southwest of the island. Once classified as a tropical storm, a Tropical Storm Warning was issued for Bermuda by the National Hurricane Center. Meandering near the island for several days, the Bermuda International Airport reported 2.63 inches of rain. However, tropical storm force winds were never experienced on the island. Ana began moving eastward on this date and upper level shear deteriorated the center by the 23rd. After turning to the northeast, the circulation center merged with an approaching cold front on the 24th, and Tropical Storm Ana completed the transition into an extratropical cyclone. The extra-tropical storm accelerated east-northeastward before losing its identity within the cold front on the 27th southeast of the Azores.

Swells from the storm impacted the coast of Florida. The combination of the swells and an outgoing tide caused a boat to capsize in Jupiter Inlet on April 20th; drowning two people. Two ships recorded tropical storm force winds in association with Ana; the Atlantic Forest recorded 51 mph and a pressure of 998 millibars on April 22nd, and the Rosa Delmas reported winds of 47 mph on April 23rd.

A tropical cyclone battered India's remote northeastern Assam state, killing at least 36 people and injuring 1,500.

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